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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS042-E-1166 Date: Nov. 2014
Geographic Region: ITALY

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  Gulf of Taranto, Italy

Astronauts aboard the International Space Station took this image of the Gulf of Taranto at the base of the boot of Italy. The Gulf of Taranto is roughly 140 km long and 140 km wide. The well-defined light blue swirls that hug the shorelines in the coastal waters could represent sediment introduced by local rivers or beach erosion, or they may be pollutants introduced from cities along the coastline. The tight sediment curl off the city of Taranto shows a clockwise water circulation and suggests that this major plume originates from one of the largest rivers flowing into the gulf (the Sarmento, image top right). But some contribution to the plumes seems to come from urban areas because the largest plumes are associated with the main city regions of the gulf, Taranto and Gallipoli, whereas the largest river, the Crati, gives rise only to a thin plume (image upper margin). Taranto is an important commercial and military port with steel and iron factories, oil refineries, chemical works, shipyards, and food-processing plants.
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 248k
Mission: ISS042  
Roll - Frame: E - 1166
Geographical Name: ITALY  
Center Lat x Lon: 40.0N x 16.9E
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 25
Camera: N6
Camera Tilt: HO   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 135  
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: W   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number:  
Date: 20141109   YYYYMMDD
Time: 105257   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 40.7N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 25.1E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 194   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 221   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 31   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: EROSION  
Water Views: GULF, SEDIMENT  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views:  
City Views: GALLIPOLI  
Photo is not associated with any sequences

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This service is provided by the International Space Station program and the JSC Earth Science & Remote Sensing Unit, ARES Division, Exploration Integration Science Directorate.
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