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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS040-E-17264 Date: Jun. 2014
Geographic Region: IRAN

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  Lake Urmia, Iran

Green and tan shades show the extent of the water surface of Lake Urmia (also Orumiyeh, Orumieh) in westernmost Iran. The lake is highly saline and only a few tens of meters deep even at high water. The shoreline appears as a white margin of salt. Rivers that flow into the lake appear as narrow green lines (especially on the southeastern lake margin; image top right), and these form deltas where soft soils and a nearby water supply allow farming, areas marked by clusters of green agricultural fields. The lake and its wetlands have been declared a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve. The lake is one of the largest in the Middle East, measuring 130 km from the northern shoreline to the vegetated delta image right.

The city of Urmia stands out as a distinct gray patch surrounded by fields at image lower left. On the opposite shore from the city an extinct volcano appears as an oval shape. A causeway and bridge connect the opposite shorelines at this point. More detailed images of the causeway can be seen here.

The lake is experiencing a drastic loss of water, and now holds only approximately 5% of its known high-stage volume. The drying is vividly illustrated by the fact that the volcano used to be entirely surrounded by the lake. The cause of the drop in water levels is related to extraction of water for farming and a long-term decrease in rainfall.
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 88k
Mission: ISS040  
Roll - Frame: E - 17264
Geographical Name: IRAN  
Center Lat x Lon: 37.5N x 45.5E
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
Camera: N5
Camera Tilt: 18   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 80  
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: SW   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number:  
Date: 20140623   YYYYMMDD
Time: 095525   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 38.1N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 46.5E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 225   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 220   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 71   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: VOLCANO  
Water Views: DELTA, LAKE  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views: BRIDGE  
City Views:  
Photo is not associated with any sequences

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