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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS037-E-1802 Date: Sep. 2013
Geographic Region: USA-CONNECTICUT
Feature: NEW YORK METROPOLITAN AREA AT NIGHT, HARTFORD AT NIGHT, PROVIDENCE AT NIGHT

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  Long Island Sound Region, USA at Night

Long Island Sound is an estuary along the upper east coast of the USA, bounded by Long Island to the south (part of New York state), the coastline of Connecticut to the north, and the southeasternmost coastline of New York to the west. The Sound is well outlined by city and roadway lights in this night time astronaut photograph from the International Space Station (ISS). Both the water surface of Long Island Sound and the Atlantic Ocean are devoid of lights and appear dark, while several nearby metropolitan areas stand out due to their bright lighting.

Directly to the west and southwest of the Sound, the New York, NY metropolitan area forms the brightest and most extensive area of lights. In terms of the extent of lighting, the metropolitan area seems largely recovered from the Hurricane Sandy storm event which effected the region in late October 2012. Further inland, the city lights of Poughkeepsie, NY are visible to the north of the New York, NY metro area. To the northeast, the urban centers of Hartford, CT and Providence, RI are visible at image upper right.

The human-built traceries of light are accompanied by a natural phenomenon in the image - fog is visible along several river valleys throughout the region. Cold air streaming into the river valleys at night causes the local temperature to drop; fog develops when temperatures drop enough for water to condense from the air. The fog, appearing light blue-gray in the image, is likely illuminated from above by moonlight, and from below in urban areas built close to river channels (image left).
 
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 215k
Mission: ISS037  
Roll - Frame: E - 1802
Geographical Name: USA-CONNECTICUT  
Features: NEW YORK METROPOLITAN AREA AT NIGHT, HARTFORD AT NIGHT, PROVIDENCE AT NIGHT  
Center Lat x Lon: 41.0N x 73.5W
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
 
Camera: N5
 
Camera Tilt: 35   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 50  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: E   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number:  
 
Date: 20130920   YYYYMMDD
Time: 075224   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 41.8N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 75.9W  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 55   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 220   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: -32   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: COAST, ISLAND  
Water Views: ESTUARY, OCEAN, RIVER  
Atmosphere Views: FOG  
Man Made Views:  
City Views: HARTFORD, POUGHKEEPSIE, PROVIDENCE, NEW YORK  
Photo is not associated with any sequences


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