Earth from Space - Image Information

LOCATION Direction Photo #: STS064-40-10 Date: Sep. 1994
Geographic Region: PAPUA NEW GUINEA

STS064-040-010 Rabaul Eruption Plume, New Britain Island September 1994
This high-oblique, north-northwest-looking photograph shows the eruption plume from Tavurvur and Vulcan, two volcanic cones situated on either side of the sea-filled Rabaul Volcano, located on the eastern end of New Britain Island. The white, billowing eruption plume is blowing in a westerly direction. Because of light winds at the time of the eruption, most of the 3 feet (1 meter) of ash was deposited within 12 miles (20 kilometers) of the volcanoes. Of the two eruptions in 1994, Vulcan was the more explosive, pumping a column of gas and ash more than 60 000 feet (18 000 meters) into the atmosphere. The twin eruptions, ending in December 1994, caused more than 50 000 people to flee the area. The bowl-shaped Rabaul caldera, whose diameter is 5 miles (8 kilometers), contains three additional volcanoes. The last significant eruption prior to the one captured in the photograph occurred in 1937, killing more than 500 people and virtually destroying the city of Rabaul. The present caldera was carved from the crust by a series of huge explosions occurring during the past 500 000 years. The last major explosion of the original volcano took place nearly 1400 years ago, although numerous smaller outbursts have subsequently occurred.

Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 59k
Mission: STS064  
Roll - Frame: 40 - 10
Geographical Name: PAPUA NEW GUINEA  
Center Lat x Lon: 4.5S x 152.0E
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 60
Camera Tilt:   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length:  
Nadir to Photo Center Direction:   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number:  
Date: 199409__   YYYYMMDD
Nadir Lat: N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth:   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude:   nautical miles
Sun Elevation:   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: VOLCANO  
Water Views: OCEAN  
Atmosphere Views: SMOKE, DUST, PLUME  
Man Made Views:  
City Views:  

Photo is not associated with any sequences

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