Earth from Space - Image Information

LOCATION Direction Photo #: STS036-75-71 Date: Mar. 1990
Geographic Region: USA-ILLINOIS

STS036-075-071 Mississippi River, Illinois and Missouri, U.S.A. March 1990
The floodplain of the Mississippi River between St. Louis, Missouri, and Cairo, Illinois, can be seen in this southeast-looking, low-oblique photograph. Tree-covered bluffs 100 to 300 feet (33 to 99 meters) high line both sides of the river. These bluffs are an extension of the Ozark Plateau to the west (in Missouri), through which the Mississippi has cut a course. In Illinois, east of the Mississippi River, the extension is known as the Shawnee Hills. Kaskaskia Island (the small tree-covered island in the river near the center of the photograph) is the site of one of the oldest settlements west of the Appalachian Mountains. Founded in 1703 as an Indian trading village, Kaskaskia was the first capital of the newly formed State of Illinois from 1818 to 1820. The village was destroyed by numerous floods in the mid- to late 1800s. East of the Mississippi in Illinois are numerous lakes. One of the largest pictured in the photograph is Crab Orchard Lake, which is located just east of the small city of Carbondale. The lake sits on the path of the famed Mississippi flyway and is a resting place for migrating birds flying to and from northern Canada. Carbondale is a major retailing center for the area and is home to Southern Illinois University, the city's major employer. Toward the south-southwest is the city of Cape Girardeau, Missouri. Overlooking the Mississippi River, Cape Girardeau is a transportation, trade, manufacturing, and distribution center. It produces shoes, cement, lumber, furniture, and electrical equipment. Cape Girardeau is located 30 miles (48 kilometers) north-northwest of Cairo, Illinois, where the Ohio River joins the Mississippi. It is said that the delta of the Mississippi River begins at this point.

Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 205k
Mission: STS036  
Roll - Frame: 75 - 71
Geographical Name: USA-ILLINOIS  
Center Lat x Lon: 37.5N x 89.5W
Film Exposure: N   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 0
Camera:: HB
Camera Tilt: 27   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 100  
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: E   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?: N   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 55  
Date: 19900303   YYYYMMDD
Time: 164228   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 37.9N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 90.4W  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 149   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 115   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 41   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Atmosphere Views:  
City Views:  

Photo is not associated with any sequences

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