Photo #: ISS062-E-81945 Date: Mar. 2020
Geographic Region: BELIZE
Feature: LIGHTHOUSE REEF, GREAT BLUE HOLE
| Lighthouse Reef and the Great Blue Hole
This photograph, taken by an International Space Station astronaut while in orbit over the Caribbean Sea, captures one of Earth's most alluring ocean locations. The Great Blue Hole lies near the center of Lighthouse Reef atoll, about 80 kilometers (50 miles) from the coast of mainland Belize. The exceptional clarity of the water, characteristic of atolls in the Caribbean, allows the deeper (darker) hole to stand out against the shallower (lighter) waters of the reef.
The mysterious Great Blue Hole most likely formed during the last Ice Age, when global sea level was much lower. This marine sinkhole contains many geologic features, including limestone stalactites and stalagmites. It stretches 300 meters (about 1,000 feet) across and reaches depths of more than 120 meters (400 feet). The depths and compelling rock formations within the Great Blue Hole are intriguing to seasoned divers. While the reefs around it are teeming with life, the poor circulation of oxygen and lack of light at the bottom of the hole creates an inhospitable environment for most life forms.
Lighthouse Reef and the Great Blue Hole are just small pieces of the Belize Barrier Reef system, one of the world's most pristine marine ecosystems. Comprised of fringing, barrier, and atoll reefs, the area supports a rich diversity of species. There are several natural monuments within the atoll, including Half Moon Caye, a marine protected area created by the Belizean government to support rare bird species.
The Belize Barrier Reef is an integral part of the greater Mesoamerican Barrier Reef, the second longest in the world. Stretching along 1000 kilometers (600 miles) of the coastlines of Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, and Honduras, the reef system is a major hub for marine species and one of the most biodiverse places on Earth.
|All Available Images Low-Resolution 339k
|Roll - Frame:
|E - 81945
|LIGHTHOUSE REEF, GREAT BLUE HOLE
|Center Lat x Lon:
|17.3N x 87.5W
|N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
|Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP:
|LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
|Camera Focal Length:
|Nadir to Photo Center Direction:
|The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
|Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
|Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
|Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
|Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
|Space Craft Altitude:
|Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
|ATOLL, COAST, MOON
|ICE, OCEAN, REEF, SEA
|Man Made Views:
Photo is not associated with any sequences
|Earth Science &