Earth from Space - Image Information


LOCATION Direction Photo #: ISS019-E-5286 Date: Apr. 2009
Geographic Region: JAPAN
Feature: MT. FUJI, LAND USE


IMAGE
 
Mount Fuji, Japan

The 3,776 meter high Mount Fuji volcano, located on the island of Honshu in Japan, is one of the world's classic examples of a stratovolcano. The volcano's steep, conical profile is the result of numerous interlayered lava flows and explosive eruption products - such as ash, cinders, and volcanic bombs - building up the volcano over time. The steep profile is possible because of the relatively high viscosity of the volcanic rocks typically associated with stratovolcanoes. This leads to thick sequences of lava flows near the eruptive vent that build the cone structure, rather than low viscosity flows that spread out over the landscape and build lower-profile shield volcanoes
.
Mount Fuji, or Fuji-san in Japan, is actually comprised of several overlapping volcanoes that began erupting in the Pleistocene Epoch (1.8 million to approximately 10,000 years ago). The currently active volcano, known as Younger Fuji, began forming approximately 11,000 to 8,000 years ago. The most recent explosive activity occurred in 1707, creating Hoei Crater on the southeastern flank of the volcano (image center). This eruption deposited ash on Edo (present-day Tokyo) located 95 km to the northeast. While there have been no further eruptions of Mount Fuji, steam was observed at the summit during 1780 - 1820, and the volcano is considered active.



Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 298k
Mission: ISS019  
Roll - Frame: E - 5286
Geographical Name: JAPAN  
Features: MT. FUJI, LAND USE  
Center Lat x Lon: 35.4N x 138.8E
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
 
Camera:: N3
 
Camera Tilt: 47   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 800  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: W   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 3506  
 
Date: 20090408   YYYYMMDD
Time: 233914   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 34.3N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 142.0E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 113   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 191   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 42   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: CRATER, ISLAND, VOLCANO  
Water Views:  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views:  
City Views:  

Photo is not associated with any sequences


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