Earth from Space - Image Information


LOCATION Direction Photo #: ISS010-E-20111 Date: Mar. 2005
Geographic Region: PERU
Feature: LIMA,PARK VEGETATION


IMAGE
 
Lima Metropolitan Area, Peru

Located on the broad alluvial fan of the Rimac River, Lima is the capital of Peru and the only megacity (7.7 million inhabitants in 2002) located on the western coastline of South America. The city was established by Francisco Pizarro in 1535 and became an important colonial port, linking silver mines of the Altiplano of the high Andes Mountains with the burgeoning Spanish empire. During the mid-20th century, significant numbers of people relocated from rural mountain communities into the Lima metropolitan area. Problems now facing the metropolitan region include developing adequate water resources, controlling pollution, and preparing for natural hazards such as earthquakes and landslides.

This astronaut photograph depicts the wealthier San Isidro and Miraflores quarters of Lima. This part of the metropolitan area is characterized by numerous vegetated parks, golf courses (such as the Lima Golf Course--approximately 1 km long), and greenbelts interspersed with residential and commercial areas. The higher proportion of dark asphalt in the street grid of the residential and commercial areas lends a purple coloration to the left portion of the astronaut photograph (downtown Lima is to the north). Regions with fewer built materials and vegetation are light tan. Wave patterns are visible approaching beaches, popular tourist destinations, in the lower half of the image.



Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 392k
Mission: ISS010  
Roll - Frame: E - 20111
Geographical Name: PERU  
Features: LIMA,PARK VEGETATION  
Center Lat x Lon: 12.1S x 77W
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
 
Camera:: E4
 
Camera Tilt: 22   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 800  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: S   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 129  
 
Date: 20050317   YYYYMMDD
Time: 172459   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 10.9S  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 76.5W  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 345   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 194   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 80   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: ALLUVIAL FAN, MOUNTAIN  
Water Views: RIVER, WAVE  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views: POLLUTION, PORT  
City Views: LIMA  

Photo is not associated with any sequences


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