||STS070-725-049 Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii, U.S.A. July 1995 |
In this spectacular, near-vertical photograph, steam can be seen blowing generally to the south from Puu Oo Crater, now filled with hot lava. The main crater of Kilauea and the smaller crater of Halemaumau are captured just left of the center of the photograph. A string of craters extends eastward along a rift zone from Kilauea Crater to Puu Oo Crater. Most of the volcanic activity since 1980 has been along this rift zone. The hot lava from Puu Oo travels down the mountainside (dark area) to the ocean through lava tubes, entering the ocean (steam pall) along the eastern side of the newly built Kamoamoa Delta. The lava flows, which covered roads and subdivisions in the eruptions that occurred in l983 and l990, are discernible as dark-colored flows to the east of the steam palls. Near the northwest edge of the photograph, old lava flows from Mauna Loa Volcano can be seen. Nonvolcanic features are the Olaa Rain Forest north of Kilauea Crater and some agricultural field patterns in the area southwest of Kilauea Crater.
Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii
This is a rare clear view of Kilauea volcano on Hawaii's Big Island. The volcano has been continuously erupting since 1983, and the new real estate resulting from the eruption (the two large black flows below the small steam plume) are easily mapped in this photograph. The active Pu'u O'o crater on the mountain's East Rift Zone sports the upslope steam plume, and a smaller plume at the coast marks the location where lava enters the ocean after traveling downslope through lava tubes. The main crater of Kilauea can be seen west of the active crater. The snake-like lava flows from the summit of Mauna Loa, Hawaii's largest volcano, lie to the west of Kilauea, in the lower left corner of the photograph.