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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS064-E-53177 Date: Apr. 2021
Geographic Region: USA-NEW YORK
Feature: NIAGARA FALLS, ONTARIO, NIAGARA RIVER, GOAT ISLAND

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In this photograph taken by a cosmonaut on the International Space Station, the water cascading through Niagara Gorge and the three waterfalls between Niagara Falls, New York, and Niagara Falls, Ontario, are easily identified by their white foam and spray. Shadows accentuate the depth of the canyon that the Niagara River has carved over the past 12,000 years (//www.nysm.nysed.gov/research-collections/geology/resources/niagara-falls). Meanwhile, the falls are slowly receding upstream as erosion whittles away the underlying rock.

More than 750,000 gallons of water flows from the Lake Erie basin, over the falls, and into the Lake Ontario basin every second. Goat Island and Luna Island sit in the middle of the Niagara River and divert the channel into three distinct falls. The largest, Horseshoe Falls, has not always had its namesake shape. What once was a gentle crescent has become a deep horseshoe as the middle of the ledge has retreated more quickly than the edges. The other two falls, American and Bridal Veil, were conjoined until the waterfall line receded into Luna Island. The land now acts as a separator between the two watery curtains.

While the falls and river channel were long in the making, the human influence on the region is relatively recent. Since the 1950s, the U.S. and Canada have undertaken projects to preserve the falls from further erosion and to harness the hydroelectric power of the flow. The International Niagara Control Works is a water diversion mechanism designed to send more water toward the American and Bridal Veil falls and to channel some of it toward power plant intakes. The U.S. and Canadian power stations near the falls are a critical part of the regionÂ’s energy supply.

 
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 1057k
Mission: ISS064  
Roll - Frame: E - 53177
Geographical Name: USA-NEW YORK  
Features: NIAGARA FALLS, ONTARIO, NIAGARA RIVER, GOAT ISLAND  
Center Lat x Lon: 43.1N x 79.1W
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
 
Camera: N9
 
Camera Tilt: 16   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 1000  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: NE   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number:  
 
Date: 20210402   YYYYMMDD
Time: 191749   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 42.2N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 79.7W  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 223   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 224   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 45   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views:  
Water Views:  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views:  
City Views:  
Photo is not associated with any sequences


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