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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS062-E-112756 Date: Mar. 2020
Geographic Region: TURKEY

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  Ankara at Night

Ankara, the capital of Turkey, stands out in bright shades of white and yellow in this nighttime photograph taken by an astronaut from the International Space Station. If Ankara is the geographic and political heart of Turkey, the railroad and highway systems certainly act as the arteries. These well-lit transportation networks encircle and radiate outward from the city center.

The two most distinct nighttime colors in Ankara are the pockets of white light and the more widespread yellow-orange hues. The colors come from different light bulb technologies, and broadly outline a separation between industrial and residential areas. The industrial city of Sincan, for example, emits powerful white light, while yellow streetlights add a warm glow to neighborhoods that show up with signature red rooftops during the day.

The unique shape of the Atatürk Mausoleum and its surrounding parkland - final resting place for the first president of the Republic of Turkey - stands out amid the nighttime lights in the center of Ankara.

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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 206k
Mission: ISS062  
Roll - Frame: E - 112756
Geographical Name: TURKEY  
Center Lat x Lon: 40.0N x 32.8E
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 25
Camera: N8
Camera Tilt: 19   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 190  
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: W   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number:  
Date: 20200325   YYYYMMDD
Time: 212555   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 40.0N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 34.1E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 351   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 223   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: -48   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views:  
Water Views:  
Atmosphere Views: NIGHT  
Man Made Views: HIGHWAY  
City Views: ANKARA  
Photo is not associated with any sequences

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This service is provided by the International Space Station program and the JSC Earth Science & Remote Sensing Unit, ARES Division, Exploration Integration Science Directorate.
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