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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS061-E-113632 Date: Jan. 2020
Geographic Region: ETHIOPIA
Feature: TANA LAKE, SUNGLINT, ETHIOPIAN HIGHLANDS

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While in orbit over central Sudan, an astronaut on the International Space Station took this photograph featuring Lake Tana and the Ethiopian Highlands. The oblique angle and shadows help emphasize the rugged terrain of the Ethiopian Plateau, while Lake Tana, the largest lake in Ethiopia, appears mirror-like due to sunglint. The low-lying, tectonically active East African Rift Valley is bounded by the eastern edge of the Ethiopian Highlands.

The Semien (or Simien) Mountains tower over the plateau. With a peak rising 4,533 meters (14,926 feet) above sea level, Ras Dashen is the highest point in Ethiopia. Much of the Ethiopian Highlands are part of a large igneous province—a region with a significant accumulation of large lava rocks. The Semien Range was formed due to volcanic activity about 31 million years ago.

Although the highlands are surrounded by deserts, their elevation results in a temperate climate with ample rainfall. Lake Tana and its tributaries support an important fishing industry, in addition to agriculture in the surrounding wetlands. The lake also feeds the Blue Nile, which runs through northern Ethiopia and southern Sudan and delivers water to many communities. The river flows out of the south side of Lake Tana, through lower canyon areas south of the lake, and then east to ultimately join the White Nile in Sudan.



 
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 466k
Mission: ISS061  
Roll - Frame: E - 113632
Geographical Name: ETHIOPIA  
Features: TANA LAKE, SUNGLINT, ETHIOPIAN HIGHLANDS  
Center Lat x Lon: 12.0N x 38.0E
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 25
 
Camera: N8
 
Camera Tilt: HO   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 50  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: SE   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number:  
 
Date: 20200103   YYYYMMDD
Time: 075916   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 17.5N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 32.6E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 144   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 224   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 41   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: MOUNTAINS, PLATEAU, RANGE, RIFT, VALLEY  
Water Views: LAKE, RIVER, SUNGLINT  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views: AGRICULTURE  
City Views:  
Photo is not associated with any sequences


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