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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS058-E-11388 Date: Feb. 2019
Geographic Region: MOROCCO

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  Wet and Dry Morocco

An astronaut on board the International Space Station shot this oblique photograph while looking out across Morocco, where the Mediterranean Sea meets the Atlantic Ocean at the Strait of Gibraltar. The centerpiece of the image is the Atlas Mountains, which stretch 2,500 kilometers (1,500 miles) through Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia.

Westerly winds from the Atlantic Ocean carry moisture into the region, but the mountains act as a weather barrier between the coastal grasslands and wetlands and the Sahara Desert. The Atlas Range causes a rain shadow effect, preventing the areas beyond the mountains from receiving much rainfall. During the winter months, the highest peaks of the Atlas Mountains are among the few parts of Africa to see snow.

The wetter regions along the Moroccan coastline include many Ramsar "Wetlands of International Importance" which serve as wintering sites for migratory waterbirds.

Beyond the mountains, the dry climate of Morocco's deserts creates an advantageous landscape for meteorite hunting. Strong winds and the lack of plant cover expose dark-colored meteorites and craters, which stand out against the light-colored sand. The dry climate preserves extraterrestrial rocks far better than a humid climate.

One of the most well-known space rocks found in Morocco is the Tissint meteorite that fell to Earth in 2011. This pristine Martian meteorite displays evidence of aqueous weathering - suggesting the presence of liquid water - and contains chemical elements originating from Mars soil.

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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 320k
Mission: ISS058  
Roll - Frame: E - 11388
Geographical Name: MOROCCO  
Center Lat x Lon: 33.0N x 5.5W
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 25
Camera: N8
Camera Tilt: HO   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 58  
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: SW   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number:  
Date: 20190208   YYYYMMDD
Time: 115750   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 36.7N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 0.7W  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 174   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 216   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 38   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views:  
Water Views:  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views:  
City Views:  
Photo is not associated with any sequences

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