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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS052-E-15927 Date: Jul. 2017
Geographic Region: SAUDI ARABIA

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  The Port City of Jeddah

An astronaut aboard the International Space Station captured this photograph of part of Jeddah (sometimes spelled Jiddah), a major port city on the Red Sea coast of Saudi Arabia. Jeddah is the largest commercial center and port in the nation and, with more than three million people, is the second largest city by population (after the capital, Riyadh). Click here to see another astronaut photograph of the northern part of the city.

Over the past twelve years, the port has been extended from the original coastline. Additional, wider channels were also dredged to make way for heavy ship traffic. Fringing reefs are characteristic of the Red Sea coast; several stand offshore from the King Faisal Naval Base.

Jeddah is sometimes referred to as the "Gateway to Mecca" because it is the entry point for pilgrims and for commercial goods headed to the inland city. Mecca lies approximately 70 kilometers (43 mile) to the east of Jeddah, and it draws millions of pilgrims each year for the annual Hajj.

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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 429k
Mission: ISS052  
Roll - Frame: E - 15927
Geographical Name: SAUDI ARABIA  
Center Lat x Lon: 21.4N x 39.2E
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
Camera: N6
Camera Tilt: 40   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 1150  
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: NW   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number:  
Date: 20170714   YYYYMMDD
Time: 061959   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 18.7N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 40.6E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 78   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 218   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 47   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views:  
Water Views:  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views:  
City Views:  
Photo is not associated with any sequences

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This service is provided by the International Space Station program and the JSC Earth Science & Remote Sensing Unit, ARES Division, Exploration Integration Science Directorate.
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