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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS047-E-108766 Date: May 2016
Geographic Region: GERMANY

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  A Transformed Landscape in Germany

About 200 kilometers (120 miles) southwest of Berlin lies an area of Germany known as Neuseenland (New Lakelands). Located in the Leipzig district, this area is the site of a massive project to transform the landscape into a series of lakes and interconnected rivers. In this photograph taken by astronauts aboard the International Space Station, we see two manmade lakes surrounded by rapeseed, wheat, and potato fields.

The Zwenkauer See, first excavated in 1921, and the Cospudener See, dug in 1981, started as open-pit lignite mines. They yielded a combined total of 610 million tons of lignite, a type of brown coal used extensively by Germany. As a result of these mining operations, the nearby land was severely scarred: rivers were redirected, forests were cut down, and thousands of nearby residents were relocated.

Activism by the citizens of Zwenkau and Markkleeberg in the early 1990s resulted in the permanent shutdown of the mines. Rehabilitation of the region began shortly thereafter. Both mines were slowly flooded over a period of eight years through a process of river channeling, and they have become two of the largest lakes in the area. The Harth Canal is now under construction today between the Zwenkauer and Cospudener Sees. It will enable boats to sail from Zwenkau Harbor to the city of Leipzig, about 12 kilometers (8 miles) to the northeast.

Thanks to the development of the lakes, surrounding towns such as Markkleeberg and Zwenkau are becoming more popular with tourists.

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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 570k
Mission: ISS047  
Roll - Frame: E - 108766
Geographical Name: GERMANY  
Center Lat x Lon: 51.2N x 12.3E
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
Camera: N6
Camera Tilt: 10   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 1150  
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: SW   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number:  
Date: 20160509   YYYYMMDD
Time: 062212   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 51.6N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 12.8E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 94   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 213   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 26   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views:  
Water Views: CANAL, RIVER  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views: MINING, HARBOR  
City Views: BERLIN  
Photo is not associated with any sequences

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