STS091-731-032 Grand Bahama Island, Freeport and Lucaya, Bahamas June 1998 The small cities of Freeport and Lucaya, on the southwest portion of Grand Bahama Island (slightly above the center of the view), can be seen in this southwest-looking view. Freeport and Lucaya are the Bahamas second largest metropolitan area. Nearly 50 years ago, neither city even existed. The Freeport and Lucaya region is a free trade zone area. Besides numerous tourist resorts and recreational areas, Freeport and Lucaya's other activities include oil refining, cement production, distilling of liquor, and making of pharmaceutical products. As with the other islands of the Bahamas, Grand Bahama is composed largely of calcareous materials derived from marine organisms. A karst landscape covers many of the higher elevations on the island. Grand Bahama Island is 96 miles (154 km) long and 17 miles (27 km) at its widest point. The darker blue, deep waters of the Atlantic Ocean are visible in the upper portion of the view. The lighter blue, shallow waters covering the Bahama Shelf are discernible in the bottom portion of the view.