STS049-97-51 Rindjani Volcano, Lombok Island, Indonesia May 1992
The island of Lombok and its major volcano, Rindjani, can be seen in this southwest-looking color infrared view. Lombok Island is 70 miles (113 km) long and 50 miles (81 km) at its widest point. The island covers 2000 sq. miles (5180 sq. km). The varying colors of red show the vegetation zones of the island. The highlands are forest clad and mostly underdeveloped. The lowlands are highly cultivated. Rice, soybeans, coffee, tobacco, cotton, cinnamon, and vanilla are the major crops grown in the fertile soils of the island. The second highest mountain in Indonesia, Rindjani Volcano, at 12224 feet (3726 meters) can be seen on the northern part of the island. Rindjani, a stratovolcano last erupted in 1996. The first historical eruption occurred in September of 1847. The 4-mile (6 km) by 5-mile (8.5 km) oval-shaped caldera is filled partially by a lake known as Segara Anak. The lake, not fully visible due to the shadows from the crater rim, is 754 feet (230 meters) deep. The eruptions of 1994, 1995, and 1996 have formed a small cone in the center of the caldera and lava flows from these eruptions have entered the lake. The Lombok Strait can be seen in the upper right portion of the image. The Alas Strait is visible in the lower left portion of the image.

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